Wild boar are an interesting and exciting game animal, and we get a lot of questions from eager hunters that want to “help deal with the boar issue”. While we don’t necessarily discourage hunting (and we work closely with hunters in our research program), it is important to note the impact that hunting can have on management efforts:
- uncoordinated hunting that kills only a few adults has no impact on the population
- shooting at a group of animals can cause surviving animals to scatter – populating new areas
- an increase in hunting pressure can cause the adaptable wild boar to change feeding and activity patterns, becoming more nocturnal and elusive and making further attempts at eradication very difficult
Wild boar as a hunted species are treated differently across Canada. The latest information we can find is below, but please check the regulations in your area before attempting to hunt wild boar. We will not be held responsible for any illegal activities.
There are some uncoordinated hunting efforts in Saskatchewan, encouraged by the ability to hunt wild boar with no season, no license and no bag limits. Recent changes (June 2016) to wildlife regulations means that rural municipalities (RM) are no longer responsible for wild boar capture and containment, and hunters no longer need the permission of the RM to hunt wild boar. More information on these changes can be found here. Reporting wild boar kills is not required, but strongly encouraged to aid in management efforts. There is a grassroots eradication effort in Moose Mountain Park, which has been quite successful. Wild boar seem to be quite widespread in the province, and have been found in areas border to border to border south of the North Saskatchewan River.
Manitoba has been considered a wild boar control zone since 2001. Hunting wild boar requires no season, license, or limits. Wild boar kills should be reported within 7 days to Manitoba Agriculture Food and Rural Development or Manitoba Conservation and Water Stewardship. There have been a few controlled efforts to eradicate wild boar from certain areas, and the province does not seem to have a large population. For additional details on hunting regulations, including permitted areas and hunting equipment, visit the Government of Manitoba’s website.
Wild boar are considered pests where they are at large, and are covered in the Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development (ARD) Pest and Nuisance Control Regulation. Since they are not classified as wildlife, they receive no protection under the Wildlife Act. This legislation means that only landowners with pest animals (or individuals authorized by the landowner) are permitted to destroy feral wild boar. All kills must be reported to AARD, and a land location provided. In some counties, there are $50 bounties associated with turning in wild boar ears with required permission (since 2008). Any inquiries should be directed to Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development.
It is fully legal to hunt wild boar anywhere in the province, so long as the individual has a hunting license. Wild boar are designated as Schedule C wildlife under the Wildlife Act.
Wild boar can be killed under the authority of a small game license (at least in the Counties of Prescott and Russell) under Section 54 (5) of the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act. All pertinent hunting rules and regulations regarding safety still remain in effect (landowner permission, adhering to discharge of firearms bylaws, firearm licensing, etc). All kills or sightings should be reported to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, who will also field any additional questions regarding wild boar.
New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Yukon and Northwest Territories
Hunting wild boar is technically illegal, as there is no established hunting season/regulations.
Prince Edward Island and Quebec
It is unlawful to kill wild boar and any sightings or concerns should be dealt with by regional wildlife officers.
We do not provide advice on how to hunt wild boar, nor do we reveal exact locations of hot spots or kills. If you are interested in this information, try joining one of the many online hunting forums and do a search for wild boar. Canada-specific forums include:
Men Outdoors (Saskatchewan)
There is also a website where users can plot exact locations of sightings and kills. Visit it here.
Barrett, R.H., and Birmingham, G.H. 1995. Wild pigs. Pp. 65–70, In S.E. Hygnstrom, R.M. Timm, and G.E. Larson (Eds.). Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage. Institute of Agricultural and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE.
Bieber, C. and Ruff, T. 2005. Population dynamics in wild boar Sus scrofa: ecology, elasticity of growth rate and implications for the management of pulsed resource consumers. Journal of Applies Ecology. 42(6): 1203 – 1213.
Hamrick B., Campbell T., Higginbotham B., and Lapidge S. 2011. Managing an Invasion: Effective measures to control wild pigs. USDA National Wildlife Research Center ‐ The Wildlife Professional, Summer 2011:41–42.
Hanson, L.B., Mitchell, M.S., Grand, J.B., Jolley, D. B., Sparklin, B.D., and Ditchkoff, S.S. 2009. Effect of experimental manipulation on survival and recruitment of feral pigs. Wildlife Research. 36: 185 – 191.
Sodeikat, G. & Pohlmeyer, K. 2003. Escape movements of family groups of wild boar Sus scrofa influenced by drive hunts in Lower Saxony, Germany. Wildlife Biology 9(1): 43 – 49.