Wild boar, like many other wildlife, will feed, trample, and defecate on crops. Uniquely, they can also cause significant damage by rooting in fields, meadows and pastures, which can also cause damage to farm equipment when servicing the land. Saskatchewan is the only province in Canada that offers full compensation for damage to agricultural products from wild boar.
*This information was accurate at the time of compilation, but it is always best to check in with local authorities to ensure you are permitted to remove any wildlife*
In Saskatchewan, landowners can request support to destroy wild boar on private land. Furthermore, since 2016 they are no longer considered stray livestock and can be killed without a license as well. Wild boar are considered pests where they are at large in Alberta, and landowners have the responsibility to destroy them and/or prevent them from becoming established on their land. In some counties, there are bounties associated with turning in wild boar ears – inquire with Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development. Ontario‘s Ministry of Natural Resources has authorized landowners to kill wild boar to protect their livestock and crops (at least in the counties of Prescott and Russell). Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act requires that any escaped wild boar are reported to Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry and the owner must recapture or kill it. In British Columbia, anyone with a hunting license is permitted to kill wild boar. Manitoba residents can kill wild boar without a license at any time of year. The provinces of Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, as well as the Yukon, and Northwest Territories do not have known wild boar populations, so there are no provisions in their wildlife act and killing is technically illegal. Quebec, Newfoundland, and PEI do not allow killing of wild boar and any sightings or concerns should be dealt with by regional wildlife officers.
Some helpful guidelines to boar-proof a fence:
- electric fence component made of 12 gauge high tensile wire, 10 – 30 cm above surface (10+ joules)
- at least 1.5m above surface
- fence buried to depth of 45cm OR double fence system (with 1.2 – 5 m in between) to prevent digging under fence
Lock joint woven material made from 10 gauge or higher high tensile wire
maximum 10 cm spacing between vertical and horizontal lines
- maximum 3 m spacing between fence posts